Lithium batteries were invented in 1912, but they were appropriately declared developed to enter the mass market level in the 1990s. Lithium batteries are designed in different sizes and shapes, which causes them to be tailor-made to fit the available space of the equipment for which they intend to be used. Lithium batteries are light in weight unlike their competitors, this is due to the material used in producing them as well as the high open-circuit voltage likened with other batteries.
In these days of mobile and handheld devices, lithium batteries are the most preferred ones due to their lightweight nature. Lithium batteries do not have the memory effect. This is a condition wherein other rechargeable batteries, in case they are completely discharged prior to recharging cannot hold their utmost energy level in good time meaning the charge they hold is very low. Other batteries have a 30% self-discharge rate, but lithium batteries only have a 5% per month self-discharge rate.
Lithium batteries are quite popular for portable and consumer electronics. Lithium batteries have a fast recharge cycle as well as high performance which makes them the most ideal for military, aerospace and automobile applications. Lithium batteries are small and light in nature which makes them the best option in the market. Their compact size is the most ideal for different electronic gadgets. Unlike other kinds of batteries in the market, lithium batteries have a high energy density.This means that lithium batteries can offer lots of power in their small size. This high energy is the best for gadgets that are hungry for power such as laptops, smartphones, and tablets. The lithium batteries low self-discharge rate indicates that their shelf life is long and they can be recharged and used more unlike other batteries of the same level.
Mobile phones and tablets greatly benefit from the fast charge cycle that is offered by lithium batteries. Unlike other batteries, the charge cycle in lithium batteries is only a fraction of the time. The lithium batteries can complete thousands of discharge and charge cycles. The lifespan of lithium batteries are likely to report a capacity reduction.
Lithium batteries can lose 30% in case the discharge and charge cycles are over 1000. This loss in capacity is however dependent on the brand of lithium batteries. The latest lithium batteries have over 5000 discharge to charge levels until completion. Finally, the cost of lithium batteries may be the only downside over other batteries. Lithium batteries cost 40% more than other batteries. The reason for their high cost is because of the combination of onboard computer circuitry that assists in controlling voltage and current.